Ways of Knowing are incorporated into the methodologies of the various Areas of Knowledge. The various Ways of Knowing should not be considered in isolation. They interconnect inextricably and are interwoven in elaborate and nuanced ways to generate Personal and Shared Knowledge.

Addelson illusion: The squares marked A and B are the same shade of gray!

Addelson illusion: The squares marked A and B are the same shade of gray!

1. LANGUAGE

Problem of definition: beef and cows
Orwellian “doublespeak”
Invent your own (language) games
Wittgenstein and the polysemy of language
Fourth Written Assignment
In praise of the poetic voice
 

2. REASON

Theory of Ignorance
Fake news and Justified True Belief
Coherence, Correspondence and Pragmatic Theories of Truth
Induction and deduction
Informal logical fallacy
Ideal gas law compared to Euler’s relation
Fifth Written Assignment: drafting a mini essay
 

3. SENSE PERCEPTION

Umwelt
Seven rather than five senses?
Optical illusions
Epistemic hunger
Active vision—blindspot and eye tracking experiments
Seven rather than five senses?
Color vision, subjectivity and qualia


4. EMOTION

Evoked emotions art gallery
Tension and release
Phineas Gage—iconic neuroscience patient


5. IMAGINATION

Imagination (with constraints) and living in the subjunctive
Creativity—Flow—“Zen” 


6. FAITH

Faith, belief evidence and infinities in a finite world?
Do certain fundamental assumptions in math and science amount to blind faith? 
Pascal’s Wager and Occam's Razor
 

7. INTUITION

Can you, should you, “trust your gut”? 
The tip of the iceberg: evidence from neuroscience
 

8. MEMORY

The unreliability of eyewitness reporting?
Who do you think you are?