Ending a TOK course with ritual aplomb is just as important as a good beginning. Here is what I usually do:

  • View a nostalgic slideshow: evoking our "Greatest Hits" over the two years.

  • Revisit some of the bold objectives declared at the beginning of the course

  • Students complete a college-style, anonymous teacher/course evaluation feedback instrument.

  • Declare: “This is where the story stops this time…”




Here are some of the ideas and claims made during the introductory weeks of the TOK course.  Without reiterating everything doggedly, it is worth revisiting some of the key ideas as they arise naturally during the Nostalgia Slideshow or the very last TOK session.  

  • Understanding is deep learning that is built over time.

  • Strange as it seems, a good deal of understanding seems to be reconstructed in the moment, on the fly, based on fragmentary cues and half remembered contexts. A lot of everyday experience feels like this.

  • The learning quest requires a kind of safe stress. Nobody ever “changed their mind” without some discomfort.

  • TOK is all about asking questions and daring to know. It is subversive in the sense that it discourages swallowing piecemeal conventional ideas of the day or the prepackaged opinions of peers or authority figures.

  • The TOK spirit is the opposite of feeling intimidated or bewildered by knowledge and ideas that always seem to be owned by somebody else. No work of art, literature or music, scientific announcement, historic controversy, mathematical argument, esoteric vocabulary, ethical conundrum or political complexity is forever off limits.

  • It doesn’t matter how smart you thought you might have been compared to others in the room What mattered was your own participation in the questioning and the discussions and the gradual deepening your own understandings.

  • The students are far bigger than any program―even a great one like the IB Diploma!

  • When the dust clears on the particularities of TOK, what will count are a deeply rooted capacity for critical thought and the confidence to act―to be a player in the real world and actually make some kind of difference.

  • Awareness of oneself entails better understanding of the differing perspectives of others. We are each of us unique. This uniqueness arises from a common human predicament. We are embodied knowers, contingent in time and space, embedded in specific linguistic, cultural and historic contexts. It remains as urgent as ever to adopt a pluralistic attitude which recognizes the richness of differing, sometimes parallel perspectives and assumptions.


You shall no longer take things at second or third hand, nor look through the eyes of the dead, nor feed on the spectres in books,
You shall not look through my eyes either, nor take things from me,
You shall listen to all sides and filter them from your self… Not I, not any one else can travel that road for you,
You must travel it for yourself.

It is not far, it is within reach,
Perhaps you have been on it since you were born and did not know…
— Walt Whitman From Song of Myself. 1855
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (1824-1828)   I am still learning (Aún aprendo)  Black chalk on paper, Museo del Prado, Madrid.

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (1824-1828) I am still learning (Aún aprendo) Black chalk on paper, Museo del Prado, Madrid.