The Areas of Knowledge are highly organized aggregates of Shared Knowledge characterized by distinct subject matter and methods of inquiry.  Areas of Knowledge are socially constructed and incorporate the Ways of Knowing in various nuanced combinations. 

The individual Areas of Knowledge have endured and have evolved. They have commonalities and differences which are important to pinpoint including: specialized insider vocabulary, underlying assumptions and persistent open questions or frontiers.

From the TOK perspective the Areas of Knowledge encompass not only the Academic Disciplines but also Religious and Indigenous Knowledge Systems. 


AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE FRAMEWORK:

1. Scope/Applications
2. Concepts/Language
3. Methodology
4. Historical development
5. Links to Personal Knowledge

1. NATURAL SCIENCES

Is there a scientific method?
Nature: an encounter with a real science journal
Popper and falsifiability
The idea of consilience in the natural sciences
 

2. HISTORY

Draw history (including cubist history)
History is not what happened
 

3. MATHEMATICS

Pure mathematics: invented or discovered? 
This Statement is False  
Conventions of the TOK Presentation
 

4. INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS

Defining “indigenous”
Nacirema case study
What can we learn from traditional societies? 
Exorcising cultural relativism
First presentation
 

5. ETHICS

Are ethics and morality the same?
Trolley Problem and liver transplant variations
Seven ethical frames
Vera Drake: saint or serial killer?
Sixth Written Assignment: 1000 word essay on an ethical theme
Asch and Milgram experiments
Burkini
Gorilla language and personhood
 

6. ReLIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS

Introduction to the Variety of Religious Experience
A very persistent meme
Differentiating religion/religiosity from personal faith
Encounter with radical atheism
 

7. HUMAN SCIENCES

Isaiah Berlin’s pluralism
Big five personality traits
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
 

8. THE ARTS

Non-linguistic forms of representation: Shostakovich 8th string quartet
Picasso’s lie and willing suspension of disbelief
The monetary value of art
Preparing the Final Essay